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  • warmth
  • cooking
  • protection from insects and wild animals
  • morale
  • heat
  • oxygen
  • fuel
Fuel types:
  • tinder
  • kindling
  • main fuel

Ray Mears - the master at work using a firesteel and birch bark.

An excellent tutorial on firelighting.
Note that this chap does NOT promote the next-to-useless tipi method.

How to start a fire with the traditional flint, steel and charcloth method.
This chap has produced a series of online tutorials here

How to make charcloth.

Using a Cramp Ball fungus as tinder.